A biography of robert e lee n american general

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Lee committed an error common to military leaders at this stage of the war: he devised a plan too complicated for the volunteer troops and bickering commanders to carry out, especially in a mountainous area plagued with bad roads.

George E. In OctoberLee was promoted to first lieutenant. Louis harbor and for the upper Mississippi and Missouri rivers. Activities Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element.

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Robert was accepted to the United States Military Academy and graduated 2nd in his class. I have been with soldiers engaged in fights by couples, by squads, companies, regiments, divisions, and armies, and should know, as well as any one, what soldiers can do. Lee was promoted to colonel for his efforts during the war and had made a name for himself as a military leader. His wife occasionally came to visit. Lee arose on the morning of July 3 to find his plans already unraveled. Retreating back to Virginia, Lee again displayed deft generalship by checking Union offensives at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville; in the latter battle he prevailed, despite being outnumbered two to one, by dividing his army, outflanking the enemy, and delivering a smashing attack. What was Robert E. Lee privately wrote to his son Custis that "The N. James Pettigrew across a mile and a quarter of open ground against a strong Union position on Cemetery Ridge.

For three days Lee assailed the Federal army under George G. Finally forced back to the Petersburg—Richmond area, Lee again used his engineering skill to create extensive defensive works that held back his opponents until the spring of Lee duly moved there, then discharged all workers and informed the War Department he could not maintain laborers without the facilities of the fort.

A biography of robert e lee n american general

Later, Scott would write about Lee's remarkable performance in that war, calling him "the very best soldier I ever saw in the field. Without a command, he returned to Arlington to wait to see what Virginia would do. On both sides, his family had produced many of the dominant figures in the ruling class of Virginia. At the end of April , a fourth Union commander, Maj. Even though he afterward insisted that the Gettysburg campaign had achieved most of its goals resupply of his army and deterring Federal incursions into Northern Virginia for the harvest season , Lee submitted his resignation on August 8, citing health issues and public discontent over the battle results. Lee significant? Lee, around age 38, and his son William Henry Fitzhugh Lee , around age 8, c. Having composed a picture of an enemy army on the ropes, and buoyed by his faith in his men, he determined to press ahead. Not until the Mexican-American War —48 , when he was a captain on the staff of Gen. Young Robert, the son, was raised mostly by his mother. Lee became president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia.

He expected that the Federal soldiers would lose their nerve, and he was utterly confident that his men would press the attack all the way to Cemetery Ridge. He repeatedly defeated larger Federal armies in Virginia, but his two invasions of Northern soil were unsuccessful.

Lee initially remained loyal to the Union after Texas seceded.

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Lee had no recourse but to dramatically alter plans. He was protesting slavery in the South and was hoping to start up a revolt among the slaves. He expected that the Federal soldiers would lose their nerve, and he was utterly confident that his men would press the attack all the way to Cemetery Ridge. Twiggs surrendered all the American forces about 4, men, including Lee, and commander of the Department of Texas to the Texans. General Lee Takes Command of the Army Knowing he could not win by retreating into defensive works, within three weeks Lee took the offensive, initiating the Seven Days Battle, a series of fights that drove the Federals back down the peninsula. By June 16, the entire Army of Northern Virginia 70, men, comprising three infantry corps plus cavalry and artillery was stretched out in a long column whose tail was just departing Fredericksburg even as its head was approaching the Pennsylvania border. His trust in Jackson had been implicit.
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Biography for Kids: Robert E. Lee