An overview of the spanish acquisition that started in the 1400s

Inquisition revisionism The last 40 years have seen the development of a revisionist school of Inquisition history, a controversial field of history whose purported aim is to re-examine the traditional history of the Inquisition.

Medieval inquisition

To weaken local political opposition to the Catholic Monarchs. The properties were given under feudal terms to farmers or to localities who used them as community property with many restrictions, owing a part of the rent, generally in cash, to the church. Subsequent Indexes were published in , , , , and An inquisition can be run by both civil and church authorities in order to root out non-believers from a nation or religion. This did not prevent the Pope from having some influence on the decisions of Spanish monarchs, but it did force the influence to be through the kings making direct influence very difficult. In the s many of Spain's colonies started revolutions to separate from Spain. The fight from within against the Inquisition was almost always clandestine. In Sicily , where the Inquisition was established, there were also revolts against the activity of the Holy Office, in and According to Llorente, over the course of its history, the Inquisition processed a total of , people, of whom at least ten percent 31, were executed. A small number of peninsular moriscos remained in Spain.

As a result, during the following century it was even claimed that virtually all Spanish nobility were descended from Jews. Denslow, William R.

spanish inquisition definition

Self-incrimination, however, was not sufficient; one also had to accuse all one's accomplices. If they confessed or identified not as "judeizantes" but as fully practicing Jews, they fell back into the previously explained category and could not be targeted, although they would have pleaded guilty to previously lying about being Christian.

Taxation and varying privileges differed from county to county, and powerful noble families constantly extorted the kings to attain further concessions, particularly in Aragon.

Spanish inquisition death toll

During most of the medieval period intermarriage with converts was allowed and encouraged. It had no power to investigate, prosecute, or convict Jews, Muslims, or any open member of other religions. Also, many cases of solicitation during confession were adjudicated, indicating a strict vigilance over the clergy. The Castilian law is particularly difficult to summarize since due to the model of the free Royal Villas mayors and the population of border areas had the right to create their own fueros law that varied from one villa to the next. There was a rebirth of persecutions when a group of crypto-Jews was discovered in Quintanar de la Orden in ; and the last decade of the sixteenth century saw a rise in denunciations of conversos. Lutheran was a portmanteau accusation used by the Inquisition to act against all those who acted in a way that was offensive to the church. Manuel Godoy and Antonio Alcala Galiano were openly hostile to an institution whose role had been reduced to censorship and, as the very embodiment of the Spanish Black Legend internationally, was not suitable to the political interests of the moment. Not surprisingly, many of those processed were rich. In addition to said discriminatory legislation, Aragon had laws specifically targeted at protecting minorities. The Spanish "Black Legend" In the mid sixteenth century as persecution of Spanish Protestants started, various European Protestant intellectuals began to depict the Inquistion as somehow representative of the true, dark and cruel, nature of the Spanish people. Marshall, Around the s the Spanish Inquisition turned its fire on the Protestants in Spain in an attempt to further unify the nation. Much later, between and , Goya painted other canvases about the Inquisition.

They began by driving out Jews, Protestants and other non-believers. And in both the Indies to this Day.

spanish inquisition timeline
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Introduction to the Renaissance in Spain (article)