Table 1 Share of workers with various shift types, by pay status, income, occupation, and industry Irregular. People often misjudge their own sleepiness, believing that they are alert and capable of making good decisions, when in fact their judgment is impaired.
Shift work sleep disorder also creates a greater risk for human error at work. In post-marketing surveillance, modafinil was associated with Stevens—Johnson syndrome. Many shift work jobs involve protecting and caring for others, making quick decisions, driving, flying, or operating machinery, so the issue of shift work and safety is an important one.
It contrasts the degrees of work-family interference, work stress, and fatigue reported by those on irregular vs. Working for eight hours is physically and mentally draining, so by the end of your shift, you likely find your effectiveness significantly reduced.
Changes to appetite regulating hormones, more snacking and full center of the brain not working properly, changes in total energy expenditure. Most important here, among such workers, 42 percent attribute the variability to an irregular work schedule while an additional 27 percent cite seasonality of work or an unemployment spell, and the rest being paid by bonuses or commissions.
Shift work is considered essential for the diagnosis.
Task management. Political officials acknowledge the benefits of a shorter workday, but are concerned about what those increased costs might mean for businesses —and for the government.